The Iranian Statistical Center announced an increase in the “Gini coefficient” during the past year, (which is one of the most important and common measures in measuring the fairness of the distribution of national income for any country), and the Center’s report confirmed the widening of the class and income gap, as well as the inequality in Iranian society.
According to the Iranian Statistical Center, in the year 99 (starts March 20, 2020), the Gini coefficient of families across the country reached 0.4006, which increased by 0.0014 compared to the previous year.
The increase in the Gini coefficient as an indicator of inequality shows that Iranian policies of both trends (fundamentalist and reformist) in running the country over the past two decades, which were often accompanied by economic slogans, have, in practice, increased the share of high-income people and decreased the share of those with low incomes. low, and weakened the share of the middle-income deciles.
The Gini coefficient is a statistical indicator between zero and one that indicates how income is distributed. The closer it is to zero, the lower the gap between income and class, and the more it moves towards a single number, the greater the gap between income and class in a society or country.
A Gini coefficient of “zero” indicates complete equality in the income distribution because individuals or families have exactly the same income or expenditure, while a Gini coefficient of “one” indicates complete inequality in the distribution of income or expenditure and indicates that only one person or one group represents all income.
In the new report of the Iranian Statistical Center, which is dedicated to announcing the Gini coefficient index for the year 99, the Gini coefficient of urban families was 0.3835, which increased by 0.0008 units compared to the previous year, and the Gini coefficient of rural families was announced as 0.3590, an increase of 0.0051 units compared to the previous year.
According to the Statistics Center, the Gini coefficient of Sistan and Baluchestan province (southeast of Iran) was 0.4570 in 99, which is the largest number among all provinces in Iran and much higher than the Gini coefficient of families in the country. This indicator shows that the income and class gap in Sistan and Baluchestan province is much larger than all other provinces in Iran.
Hamshahri newspaper, referring to the increase in the Gini coefficient as an indicator of inequality, wrote that “the 20-year trend of the Gini coefficient as an indicator of income distribution in Iran reflects the fact that the policy of governments was unable, at least from 1380 (starts March 21, 2001) until the end of 1399 (ends March 19, 2021), to permanently and continuously reduce the class gap in the country.
Earlier, the Tehran Chamber of Commerce published a study on the increase in inequality and class divisions in Tehran in which it announced that the increase in the Gini coefficient of urban areas in Tehran province in 98 (starts March 21, 2019) shows that inequality in the income distribution in Tehran province has increased Also, this inequality rate is higher than the national average.
Source: Iran Intel